The 20th anniversary report in the Remodeling Futures Program finds that, as home-building has struggled to meet the nation’s growing housing needs, spending on improvements and repairs to both owner-occupied and rental properties hit a record of nearly $425 billion in 2017.
“With new construction slowly recovering from historic lows, 40 percent of the country’s 137 million homes are at least 50 years old,” says Abbe Will, Associate Project Director in the Remodeling Futures Program. “The aging of the housing stock has been a boon to the remodeling industry. Spending has surpassed home-building investments every year for over a decade and contributes 2.2 percent to US economic activity in 2017.
” The steady uptick in house prices in many markets in addition to an aging population are also driving increased spending on home improvements and repairs. Rising prices mean growing home equity, which provides owners both the incentive and the means to take on more and larger projects. Additionally, older households have higher homeownership rates than younger households, and many have the resources to afford major renovations, including accessibility modifications that allow them to remain safely in their homes as they age. Households aged 55 and over account for half of all improvement spending by homeowners today. Although younger households have struggled to gain a foothold in the homeownership market since the 2008 housing crash, the number of owners under 35 is finally showing signs of a rebound. And this age groups’ remodeling spending is also increasing. In particular, younger households contribute significantly more to local improvement spending in many metro areas.
With homeownership recovering, almost 7 million rental and vacant units were converted to owner occupancy in 2016 and 2017. Their owners invested $50 billion in improving their condition. Additionally, homeowner spending on repairs following natural disasters totaled about $30 billion, accounting for 6 percent of national home improvement expenditures in 2016–2017.
To pay for home improvements, homeowners have relied largely on savings, even for major projects. More than half of projects costing $50,000 or more in 2017 were funded by cash. Expanding the ability of owners to pay for improvement projects over time—whether through home equity loans or lines of credit, cash-out refinances , or contractor-arranged financing—would not only generate considerable growth in the remodeling industry, but also help to preserve and modernize the nation’s aging housing stock.
The future is bright for the home remodeling industry. “Over the next decade, the strong preference of older homeowners to age-in-place and the increasing difficulty of building affordable housing in many markets will continue to hinder the construction of new homes,” says Kermit Baker, Director of the Harvard Center’s Remodeling Futures Program. “The remodeling industry will therefore retain its critical role in helping the country meet its housing needs.